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Greetings from the Founding Directorate

FAIR – An international state-of-the-art accelerator complex in Europe

FAIR will be built! On October 4, 2010 in Wiesbaden nine countries signed the international agreement on the construction of the accelerator facility FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research), which will be located at the GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research in Darmstadt, Germany. Signing the agreement for Germany were Helge Braun, Parliamentary State Secretary to the Federal Minister for Education and Research, and Peter Ammon, State Secretary of the Federal Foreign Office. Also science ministers and state secretaries from Finland, France, India, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and Sweden were signing the agreement. Hessian Premier Volker Bouffier and State Secretary Braun also signed an agreement governing the cooperation on FAIR between the German federal government and the federal state of Hesse.

FAIR will be one of the largest research projects and most sophisticated accelerator centers worldwide. The international agreement has now cleared the way for its realization. Germany will bear roughly three-quarters of the total costs of approx. €1 billion, with Hesse contributing €90 million of that amount.

The establishment of the company “FAIR GmbH”, which was also part of the international agreement, was likewise completed. The first shareholders are Germany, Russia, India, Romania, and the Swedish-Finnish consortium. The council of the company appointed in its first session the Scientific Managing Director and the Administrative Managing Director. Dr. Beatrix Vierkorn-Rudolph has been appointed as first chairperson of the FAIR Council.

The FAIR GmbH will coordinate the construction of the accelerator and experiment facilities. The participating countries will contribute their technical and scientific expertise to the project, in addition to their financial and in–kind input.

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Signatory Conference - October 4, 2010 - Wiesbaden, Germany. Photo G. Otto (GSI)

The FAIR accelerator center to be build in Darmstadt is one of the largest projects for basic research in physics worldwide. Roughly 3,000 scientists from more than 40 countries are already working on the planning of the experiment and accelerator facilities. FAIR will generate antiproton and ion beams of a previously unparalleled intensity and quality. When completed, FAIR will comprise eight ring accelerators of up to 1,100 metres in circumference, two linear accelerators and around 3.5 kilometres of beam pipes. The existing GSI accelerators will serve as preaccelerators for the new facility. The Forschungszentrum Jülich will build the HESR, a storage ring for the research with high-energy antiprotons at FAIR.

FAIR will make it possible to conduct a wider range of experiments than ever before, enabling scientists from all over the world to gain new insights into the structure of matter and the evolution of the universe since the Big Bang. Researchers working at FAIR will also have the opportunity to investigate antimatter, dark matter and hot stellar matter. FAIR will be able to generate ion beams, which occur naturally in cosmic radiation. This will enable scientists to study the effects of ion beams on materials and tissue samples for space exploration. Therefore FAIR will be a new and fascinating opportunity for qualified science under international cooperation.

We are all looking forward to a bright future with the upcoming FAIR facility and its new possibilities for fundamental research.

Prof. Dr. Boris Sharkov

Chairman/Scientific Managing Director (2010-2016)

December 2010

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Prof. Dr. Boris Sharkov (Chairman/Scientific Managing Director 2010-2016)
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